The American Psychological Association or APA Style is one of the most used citation styles in the world by many universities and academic institutions. Books and academic papers using it must comply with the style guide, even with the smallest details. In this case, it is imperative that you learn of the common mistakes so that you can avoid them when you used APA citation style yourself. Just like other citation styles, the APA style is also one of the hardest to use, so there are common mistakes people make.
What Are Common APA Mistakes?
- Incorrectly formatted head or no head at all
- In-text citation errors
- Wrong page numbers
- Did not include keywords
- Missing abstract
- Wrong margin format
- Wrong quotations
- Not indented first paragraph
- Over 120 words in the abstract
What Are the Little Known Rules of APA?
- Anthropomorphism or the correct use of the language
- The prefix self must be with hyphen
- 1-10 must be spelled out
- The use of parallel constructions, such as African American is referring to cultural differences, while Black/White is referring to a basic race. Take note, in the APA style bibliography, “African American” isn’t hyphenated.
- The use of abbreviations: In the APA format, you don’t use acronyms or abbreviations if you aren’t going to use the text at least four times in the entire paper.
Aim for the Best in APA Citation Style
- Incorrect: Smith and Wayne, 2012; Correct: Smith & Wayne, 2012
- Incorrect: Johnson, Smith, Wade, Alyl et al., 2015; Correct: Johnson, Smith, Wade, Ally et al., 2015
- Incorrect: Smith, 2015; Brent, 2013; Rose, 2008; (Smith, 2015) (Rose, 2008) (Brent, 2013); Correct (Brent, 2013; Rose, 2008; Smith, 2015)
Learning of the APA style annotated bibliography will give you a rewarding feeling because you will feel a sense of accomplishment in the complicated but great world of citation style with the APA format. Remember these common mistakes and avoid them when using the style guide in your next paper.